№11448Добавлено: Сб 11 Фев 06, 08:25 (14 лет тому назад)
Huffington recently held in Barre, Massachusetts. The retreat, sponsored by the Insight Meditation Society and the Mind and Life Institute, was specifically designed for the scientific community: physicists, neuroscientists, psychologists, and clinicians. Sam Harris wrote the article, "A Contemplative Science," to chronicle his experience as a participant at the retreat.
Harris undoubtedly found himself in the best of both his worlds during the retreat -- he is not only a Stanford University philosophy graduate who has studied both Eastern and Western religion for twenty years, but he is now completing a doctorate in neuroscience.
Harris is currently using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to study the neural basis of belief, disbelief, and ucertainty. In the article, he mentions Richard Davidson and his colleagues at the University of Wisconsin and their use of fMRI to measure effects of meditation on the brain. Davidson is a Mind and Life Institute board member.
Harris is not a newcomer to MLI; he participated in the 2004 and 2005 Mind and Life Summer Research Institutes (MLSRI). He is also the author of the international bestseller, The End of Faith: Religion, Terror, and the Future of Reason.
Melding philosophy and neuroscience in his article, Harris poses the premise that the retreat "could mark the beginning of a discourse on ethics and spiritual experience that is as unconstrained by dogma and cultural prejudice as the discourses of physics, biology, and chemistry." Since more retreats for scientists are planned, Harris further says, "we could be
witnessing the birth of a contemplative science."
HuffingtonPost.com is an Internet publishing venture that combines breaking news, media commentary, and an innovative group blog. It was started in May 2005 by nationally syndicated columnist and California gubernatorial candidate, Arianna Huffington.
Психолог сэр Сирил Берт, изучавший одинаковых близнецов, разлученных при рождении и воспитывавшихся в различных условиях, не только выдумал 33 таких случая, поскольку встречались они крайне редко, но и выдумал двух ассистентов, которые, якобы, помогали ему в исследованиях. Берт умер в 1971 г., а его мистификация открылась только в 1974 г.
В 1974 г. Уильям Саммерлин из Института Слоуна Кеттеринга проводил исследования, которые требовали, чтобы природа произвела для него несколько крыс с черными пятнами на шкуре. Поскольку природа недостаточно охотно шла ему навстречу, он оказал ей помощь черным фломастером, но был пойман на «горячем».
Featured Presenters: Richard Davidson, PhD; Susan Folkman, PhD; Alan Marlatt, PhD; Zindel Segal, PhD; John Teasdale, PhD and J. Mark Williams, PhD
В некоторых неаутентичных для буддизма странах (Европа, Северная Америка) научные исследования буддийских практик, по-видимому, формируют устойчивый, т.е. поддержанный таким авторитетным социальным институтом как наука, канал распространения Дхармы, мотивированный не традиционными ценностями просветления и посмертного освобождения, а современной прагматикой полезности. Не мытьем, так катанием. Медитировать полезно – Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction.
№12151Добавлено: Чт 23 Фев 06, 11:25 (14 лет тому назад)
Scientific American о выступлении ЕСДЛ на ежегодном форуме специалистов по мозгу 12 ноября 2005 г.
MLRN Announcement List
The February 2006 issue of Scientific American includes a short article on the Dalai Lama's inaugural lecture before the annual meeting of the Society of Neuroscience on Sunday, November 12, 2005, in Washington, D.C.
Attracting more than 30,000 scientists worldwide, this meeting is considered the most important annual forum for the neuroscience research community, offering attendees the opportunity to learn about the latest research in neuroscience.
In commemoration of its 35th year, the Society launched several new activities, one of which was a new lecture series, "Dialogues between Neuroscience and Society." This series features leaders from fields outside of neuroscience whose work relates to subjects of interest to neuroscientists. The Society chose His Holiness to be the first lecturer in the series. His talk was titled "The Neuroscience of Meditation."
Washington D.C.-based science writer Christina Reed pens the article, "Talking Up Enlightenment: Neuroscientists hear, and applaud, the Dalai Lama."
Reed opens with an anecdote about how viewing the moon through a telescope caused the Dalai Lama to reconcile Buddhism with science. She says, His Holiness "suggested a healthy dose of skepticism toward religious pronouncements." She further says that he reasoned, "Although science can overturn spiritual teachings, people can benefit from scientific understanding without losing faith."
She also notes he "emphasized that religion can help science, not just hinder it." Reed reports the Dalai Lama "urged neuroscientists not to discount the role of Buddhist tradition on the brain, specifically meditation."
Although Reed does not mention the Mind and Life Institute, she does quote and discuss the findings of two neuroscientists who have studied the effect of meditation on the brain and who are affiliated with MLI: Sara W. Lazar and Michael Merzenich.
Lazar, a research scientist at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, tells Reed, "'I have encountered mainstream scientists who do not meditate who are very curious and open, and those who are still unwilling to even consider the possibility that meditation might have some positive effects.'" Lazar has found in her research that meditation may prevent the rate of cortical thinning that occurs with age. She was a participant in the 2004 and 2005 Mind and Life Summer Research Institutes (MLSRI).
Lazar's research findings are no surprise to Merzenich, a neuroscientist at the University of California, San Francisco. A 2001 MLI meeting participant, he tells Reed that he "finds the idea of studying faith on the brain intriguing" because "imaging work has shown that an area in the frontal cortex is activated in response to how strongly someone believes an answer to be correct." Reed quotes Merzenich: "'This activation affirms the brain's decision that one's conclusion is correct, whether it is or not.'"
Reed concludes that "such findings reinforce why the Dalai Lama places so much importance on maintaining an open mind."
№12515Добавлено: Пт 03 Мар 06, 15:45 (14 лет тому назад)
Медитация может увеличивать толщину коры головного мозга.
Интервью с Сарой Лазар.
Science and Consciousness Review. 17.02.2006.
Исследования нейропластичности головного мозга последних лет показали, что даже у взрослого человека мозг продолжает расти, реорганизовываться, развиваться. Нейропластичность может пролить дополнительный свет на механизмы эффективности техник медитации, которые в разных культурах были развиты для улучшения состояния нашего бытия.
Все испытуемые изучали буддийскую технику внимательности и являлись практиками западного типа, посвящающими медитации примерно 1 час в день в течение 9 лет. Двое из них (full-time) учителя медитации, трое – (part-time) учителя либо медитации, либо йоги, остальные – юристы, медики, журналисты. У контрольной группы из 15 человек не было никакого опыта в медитации или йоге. Все испытуемые спокойно лежали в сканнере, когда проводилась процедура магнитного сканирования их мозга. Сканирование проводилось 1 раз.
Было обнаружено, что области коры головного мозга медитирующих, которые ответственны за внимание и обработку сенсорной информации, толще, чем у контрольной группы. Это различие, по-видимому, не обусловлено тем, что люди именно с таким строением мозга склонны к длительной практике медитации, т.к. толщина коррелировала с продолжительностью опыта. В целом известно, что процесс старения сопровождается уменьшением толщины коры головного мозга, но то же время не ясно, что именно означает утолщение, обнаруженное в данном исследовании, эксперименты только начались.
«Our findings are consistent with four other reports which demonstrated that practices such as playing a musical instrument or learning to juggle are also associated with increases in cortical volume. Our data suggest that meditation practice can promote cortical plasticity in adults in areas important for cognitive and emotional processing and well-being».
№12531Добавлено: Пт 03 Мар 06, 21:45 (14 лет тому назад)
MLRN Announcement List
A three-day symposium involving over 40 distinguished investigators from almost as many institutions will gather at the University of California in Berkeley to explore the phenomena of spiritual transformation. Defined as a dramatic change in belief and behavior, one study suggests that as many as fifty percent of Americans have had such experiences and that these spiritual transformations are overwhelmingly positive. Until this three-year research study conducted by the Metanexus Institute (*) with 22 collaborating teams, the phenomena received little attention in psychology, sociology, anthropology, neuroscience, medicine, and other disciplines. The symposium, held in conjunction with the the Center for Health Research and the School of Public Health at UC Berkeley, will provide the first public findings of the research.
“Spiritual Transformation: New Frontiers for Scientific Research” is open to the interested public, but advanced registration is required. Space is limited. For a list of speakers, bios, abstracts, an agenda, the venue, a prospectus/booklet about the entire research program and other information, please go to:
Деятельность MI финансируется фондом Темплтона, вклад которого в развитие взаимоотношений науки и религий признан во всем мире. В 2005 г. фонд располагал 950 млн долларов. В 2006 г. на гранты запланировано выделить 60 млн долларов, в 2005 было выделено 48, 2004 – 40 (источник информации: MI).
№13301Добавлено: Пн 13 Мар 06, 10:36 (14 лет тому назад)
Еще одно практическое применение техники внимательности (помимо Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction – медико-психотерапевтической программы, а также приложения медитативных техник в образовании).
MLRN Announcement List
Here is a list of forthcoming retreats, training programs and other events dealing with Mindfulness in Law and Dispute Resolution. For further information, see the website of the Initiative on Mindfulness in Law and Dispute Resolution, www.law.missouri.edu/csdr/programs/mindfulness.
Leonard L. Riskin
C.A. Leedy Professor of Law
Director, Initiative on Mindfulness in Law and Dispute Resolution
University of Missouri-Columbia
School of Law
Malibu, California, June 22-24. Mindfulness for Dispute Resolvers:
Lawyers, Mediators, Negotiators, and Managers Taught by Leonard Riskin (University of Missouri-Columbia School of Law) and Rachel Wohl (The Maryland Judiciary's Mediation and Conflict Resolution Office). Sponsored by Pepperdine University School of Law, Institute for Dispute Resolution. http://law.pepperdine.edu/straus/
Cambridge, Mass., June 25-29. Tools for a World Gone Mad: Mindfulness for Resolving Disputes. Taught by Melissa Blacker (Stress Reduction Program, University of Massachusetts Medical School) and Leonard Riskin (MU School of Law). Sponsored by the Harvard Negotiation Insight Initiative, Program on Negotiation, Harvard Law School.
Cambridge, Mass., June 19-23 and June 25-29. Note: In addition to the mindfulness program listed immediately above, the Harvard Negotiation Insight Initiative will sponsor four other programs that might appeal to persons interested in mindfulness in dispute resolution.
June 19-23: Beyond Yes Two: The Next Step in the Journey.
Taught by Erica Ariel Fox and Marc Gafni.
Generative Change: Transforming Organizations as Living Systems. Taught by William Isaacs and David Marsing.
June 25-29: Beyond Yes One: Deeper Wisdom and the Art of Negotiation. Taught by Erica Ariel Fox and Marc Gafni.
Evanston, Illinois, July 13 - 15, 2006. Summer Institute in Negotiation: Critical Skills for Effective Negotiating. Taught by Leonard Riskin (MU School of Law) and Daniel Shapiro (Harvard Law School). (Infuses mindfulness into a program based upon Roger Fisher and Dan Shapiro's Beyond Reason: Using Emotions as You Negotiate (Viking 2006)).
Sponsored by Northwestern University School of Continuing Studies,
Admont, Austria, July 17-21, 2006. Second International Summer School on Business Mediation. Sessions related to mindfulness by Ken Cloke (Santa Monica Mediation Center), Erica Ariel Fox (Harvard Law School) & Leonard Riskin (MU School of Law). Www.ISBM.at.
Austin, Texas, July 27-29, 2006. Mindfulness for Dispute Resolvers:Mediators, Lawyers, Managers, and Negotiators. Taught by Leonard Riskin (University of Missouri-Columbia School of Law) and Rachel Wohl (The Maryland Judiciary's Mediation and Conflict Resolution Organization).
Sponsored by the Center for Public Policy Dispute Resolution, The
University of Texas School of Law. For more information call
512.471.3507 or visit the Center's website at www.utexas.edu/law/cppdr.
Columbia, Missouri, Fall 2006. National Gathering on Mindfulness in Law.
Sponsored by the University of Missouri-Columbia School of Law,
Intitiative on Mindfulness in Law and Dispute Resolution, and other organizations. Contact Leonard Riskin, riskinL@missouri.edu.
№13666Добавлено: Чт 16 Мар 06, 13:35 (14 лет тому назад)
Вот еще одна форма сотрудничества ученых и буддистов.
MLRN Announcement List
The Buddha, The Brain, and the Science of Happiness
Summer Retreat Garrison Institute
(one hour north of New York City)
June 29-July 5
Teaching from his upcoming book The Buddha, The Brain, and the Science of Happiness, (April 2007) Mingyur Rinpoche will guide students through the entire path from the brilliant ‘ground’ of our inner nature to the ‘fruit’ of freedom and peace. Rinpoche will present a deep framework for understanding the journey, and will offer guidance through the meditation practices that bring about such a transformation.
During this unique retreat, Mingyur Rinpoche will be joined by three scientists who are at the very forefront of the exploration of the meeting of western science and the Buddha’s teachings. These scientists will add the knowledge gained in the laboratory to this exploration of human transformation:
Richie Davidson PhD is the director of the Keck Brain and Behavior Imaging Laboratory at University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is the pioneering researcher exploring the science of well-being.
Antoine Lutz PhD is a scientist at the Keck laboratory. His research interests focus on the relationship between brain integrative mechanisms and high-order cognitive and emotional activities, including consciousness.
Al Shapere PhD is a theoretical physicist working in the areas of quantum field theory, quantum gravity, and string theory at the University of Kentucky.
The son of Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche, one of the great Dzogchen masters of our time, Mingyur Rinpoche was recognized by H.H. the 16th Karmapa as the 7th incarnation of the great terton, Yongey Mingyur Dorje. When not at Sherab Ling, his seat in northern India, Mingyur Rinpoche teaches widely in North America, Europe and Asia. He is known for his ability to convey the Buddha’s teachings in a fresh, profound and strait forward style. He is the author of the upcoming book The Buddha, The Brain, and the Science of Happiness.
№14183Добавлено: Чт 23 Мар 06, 14:00 (14 лет тому назад)
Результатом прошедшего в Колумбийском университете (США) 25 - 26 февраля симпозиума Mind and Reality (см. выше сообщения от 13.02.2006) были 200 миллионов долларов, которые Dawn M. Green & Jerome L. Green Foundation пожертвовал на создание при этом университете научного центра. По словам его президента центр «will “explore the causal relationship between gene function, brain wiring, and behavior. . . This will involve creating opportunities to find linkages among virtually all [academic] disciplines, since, at a profound level, we all study how the mind works.”»
№14736Добавлено: Сб 08 Апр 06, 07:18 (14 лет тому назад)
"I am delighted at the progress being made in developing the Shamatha
Project, a scientific study designed to examine the effects of long-term,
intensive practice of shamatha together with the four immeasurable qualities
of loving-kindness, compassion, empathetic joy and equanimity.”
His Holiness the Dalai Lama, January 31, 2006
Dear friends and colleagues,
We are writing to let you know about the Shamatha Project, a study we are
launching designed to research the benefits of intensive meditation
practice. We are inviting meditation students of all traditions and levels
of practice to participate in this extensive research project, hence our
contacting you. This scientific study of attention, introspection and the
cultivation of the heart is being co-sponsored by the Santa Barbara
Institute for Consciousness Studies, the Center for Mind and Brain at the
University of California, Davis, and Shambhala Mountain Center.
I will guide participants in various forms of shamatha practice drawn from
the Theravada and Mahayana Buddhist traditions. Instruction will also be
offered on the cultivation of the Four Immeasurables (loving-kindness,
compassion, empathetic joy and equanimity). This promises to be a unique
opportunity for students to deepen their meditation practice while
simultaneously making a great contribution to science.
Over a three-month retreat period, participants will devote themselves to
meditating for eight to ten hours daily under my guidance. They will also
work with a team of neuroscientists and psychologists from the University of
California led by Dr. Clifford Saron, shortly before, during and after this
We are looking for sixty-four individuals with varying degrees of
meditative experience to participate in this study. Participants will be
randomly selected between two retreats (February 27 – June 3, 2007, and
September 3 – December 8, 2007), both of which will take place at Shambhala
Mountain Center in Red Feather Lakes, CO. Participants will be responsible
for the cost of housing and food, which is estimated to be the discounted
price of $5,820 (Shambhala Mountain is subsidizing the program).
As a first step, participants will be asked to complete a one-week retreat
with me prior to the commencement of the study if they have not already done
so. Upcoming retreats include
Mission Renewal Center, Santa Barbara, CA, June 25 – July 2, 2006
Shambhala Mountain Center, Red Feather Lakes, CO, July 22 – 29, 2006
Menla Mountain Retreat & Conference Center, Phoenicia, NY,
September 5 – 12, 2006
While open to the general public, these one-week retreats will provide an
opportunity for those interested in the Shamatha Project to get more
familiar with the program content and with me as an instructor.
To sign up for these one of these retreats or to obtain more details
regarding this study, participant requirements and the application process,
we encourage those interested to visit our web site at
www.shambhalamountain.org/shamatha. They can also call us at (888) STUPA-21
(9am-5pm Mountain Time).
We are excited and honored to be involved in this project, which will
hopefully contribute to the well-being of all sentient beings.
With best wishes,
B. Alan Wallace, President
Santa Barbara Institute for Consciousness Studies
№14988Добавлено: Чт 13 Апр 06, 13:07 (14 лет тому назад)
Перед началом анонсированных ретритов, совмещенных с научными исследованиями шаматхи, их руководитель Алан Уоллес выпустил новую книгу.
The Attention Revolution: Unlocking the Power of the Focused Mind, by B. Alan Wallace
Foreword by Daniel Goleman
Every contemplative tradition has had its guidance manuals, the precious directions that seasoned practitioners pass on to future generations. Alan Wallace has done us all a great service, distilling centuries of practical wisdom on the path of shamatha into an accessible, ready-to-use format, a handbook for a profound inner journey.
Alan is uniquely suited to this task: he holds a remarkable intellectual and contemplative pedigree. When I first crossed paths, Alan was a monk in the Tibetan tradition of Buddhism, practicing under the personal tutelage of the Dalai Lama. When we next met, Alan was studying philosophy of science and quantum physics at Amherst College. By the time he got his doctorate in comparative religion at Stanford University, Alan had long been publishing a steady stream of scholarly books,
ranging from inquiries into the metaphysics of science to translations of complex Tibetan philosophical texts.
But through all this intellectual pilgrimage Alan was preparing for what may be his true calling: as meditation practitioner and teacher. Over the years he would disappear for months at a time, to practice meditation on retreat in the foothills of the Himalayas or in the high Sierra semi-desert of California’s Owens Valley. Along the way Alan began to share what he had practiced, teaching retreats on shamatha meditation.
And since leaving his academic post at the University of California at Santa Barbara to head the Santa Barbara Institute for Consciousness Studies, Alan has been atalyzing a landmark research program: he will lead a large group of meditators in a months-long retreat designed to hone their attention to extraordinary levels. In cooperation with neuroscientists at the University of California at Davis, these meditators will be assessed before, during, and after this intensive training, to
explore how the highly focused mind impacts the brain.
In The Attention Revolution Alan Wallace offers guidance in those same methods. In doing so, he offers a potential cure for the chronic distractibility that has become the norm in modern life, an addiction to splitting our focus between email and iPod, between the person we are with and the one on the cell phone, and between the present moment and our planning for the next one.
Alan’s proposition sounds simple but is quite radical: we can steadily enhance our capacity for attention, strengthening this mental ability just as we can our triceps. As with our physique, the key lies in well-aimed practice. This book details with remarkable clarity the specifics of methods that can strengthen the attentional muscle.
Alan has a brilliant talent for simplifying complex material. This small gem of a book summarizes the nuts-and-bolts of shamatha meditation into a handy and inviting package. Yet there are libraries of learned treatises unpacking and debating this very method and related territory of the mind. Alan brings a keen clarity to many of the fine points of this vast literature—though for the serious student, there is much more to explore.
As with any contemplative tradition, there is a hidden, but essential, element for progressing along this path: a qualified teacher. Particularly at the higher levels of shamatha practice, these instructions have traditionally required additional direction in the form of pith instructions, the crucial details and correctives always given orally, teacher to student, that bring life to the printed page. For those who want to pursue the path Alan surveys here, such a teacher will be a prerequisite.
Yet any of us, as Alan points out, can benefit from improving our powers of concentration. There is a spectrum here, from those with outright attention deficits, to those blessed by a naturally keen focus, to advanced meditation practitioners. No matter where we find ourselves on this spectrum, The Attention Revolution offers practical steps for taking us to the next level, and reaping its rewards.
№15207Добавлено: Пт 21 Апр 06, 12:19 (14 лет тому назад)
Ура, моя мечта сбылась: я увижу по телеку то, за что меня заблокировали на БФ. Тибетских лам и православных священников вместе в президиуме!
"Далай-лама XIV намерен в июле посетить Элисту (Калмыкия) в ходе визита в Россию для участия в межрелигиозном форуме, который пройдет 3-4 июля в Москве, который
пройдет под эгидой Русской православной церкви".
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